In this article we'll look at what heartburn is and why it occurs. Many people wonder how long heartburn may last and whether it will have any effect on their future health.
Heartburn is a hot, burning sensation in your chest from when stomach acid rises into your food pipe (oesophagus). It often occurs due to a weakened lower oesophageal sphincter (LES) – the ring of muscle between your oesophagus and stomach. Stomach acid can rise without you realising as it doesn't always necessarily cause the pain of heartburn and can depend on the amount of acid and / or how sensitive your oesophagus lining is.
The lining of your oesophagus isn't designed to protect against stomach acid - unlike the lining in your stomach. Therefore, if acid comes into contact with it, pain may result.
Heartburn is often described as:
Heartburn can occur for different reasons. Firstly, it could be because the ring of muscle at the bottom of your oesophagus is weak and is unable to keep your stomach contents (including the acid) in place.
Secondly, it may be due to dietary and lifestyle factors, as described below:
Food-related reasons, such as eating:
Drink-related reasons, such as drinking:
The triggers of heartburn differ from person to person and the symptoms can differ too. They may also be a combination of the causes listed above but can heartburn affect your health in the longer term?
Most people only suffer from heartburn occasionally and may just let it pass or take some medication to help relieve symptoms.
Simply putting up with your heartburn and allowing it to go untreated, however, may have certain implications.
Disturbed sleep: If you get heartburn at night, especially if it happens regularly, your sleep quality could be poor. If this is the case, it may have an impact on your concentration, decision making, work and family life the next day. You may disturb your partner's sleep too.
Damage to your oesophagus: If stomach acid repeatedly comes into contact with your oesophagus, the sensitive lining can become damaged. The acid can erode the tissue. This may lead to bleeding and / or ulcers (open sores on the oesophageal lining).
In some cases, long-term exposure of the oesophageal lining to stomach acid can lead to a condition known as Barrett's oesophagus - where abnormal cells develop in the lining. These cells could potentially become cancerous. Thankfully, this is rare.
Most people however, do not put up with symptoms at all, or for very long. They may take medication themselves or consult their doctor. Several treatments are available over the counter and this can often be the first port of call for many heartburn sufferers.
In addition to any treatment you may consider, it's a good idea to note the dietary and lifestyle related reasons why heartburn may occur - as shown above. Taking these points into account may help you to prevent heartburn in the first place.
However, while you are making or considering dietary and lifestyle changes, you could continue to experience heartburn. If so, you may feel you need treatment for the symptoms. Why not consider Gaviscon Double Action?
Gaviscon gets to work instantly and its double action involves neutralising the unwanted, excess acid and also forming a protective barrier, or raft, on the top of your stomach contents. This physical barrier helps to keep stomach contents and acid in place.In fact, Gaviscon lasts up to 2X longer vs ordinary antacids.
Gaviscon is available across pharmacies and epharmacies over the counter. can be purchased over the counter from pharmacies. If you follow the link, you can find out more about Gaviscon. The whole range of products can be found here.
If you are suffering chronic heartburn, you should consider seeing your doctor. There are several treatment options available, which may help you in the long term. They may decide to prescribe medication that needs to be taken daily over the course of a few weeks or months. Another treatment they may prescribe is acid suppressants to reduce the amount of acid your stomach produces, in order to prevent heartburn occurring.
Heartburn doesn’t need to be a long term problem. Simply try to take the advice in this article on how to prevent and treat heartburn. If you are concerned that your symptoms are not improving, visit your pharmacist or GP for more information.
All information presented is not meant to diagnose or prescribe. Gaviscon Double Action for Heartburn & Indigestion. Always read the label. If symptoms are severe or prolonged you should consult a doctor or pharmacist.
Article published January 1st, 2020